Team-Building Strategies

Carron's Conceptual Model (1985) and Framework for Examining Cohesive Teams (1982) provide an excellent basis for structuring team building strategies.




ENVIRONMENTAL          Social setting

Physical environment / Peer pressure

Family Expectations / Size of group (set in sport) Chelsea (50 pros) Southend (15 pros)

Eligibility / transfer rules / geographical considerations

Major diff between social club and a sport team – members can leave social club

Organisation – differ in goals / strategies / age / sex / environment

Amount and degree of task and social cohesion

PERSONAL          Similarities of attitudes

                               Aspirations / Commitment


                               social background


LEADERSHIP       Autocratic / democratic

Important / difficult       Leading by Example

creating the environment - mastery

TEAM                   Shared success & Failure




The interpersonal attractions among group members


  • Cohesion results from the individual’s perceptions of Attractiveness of the Group
  • Group’s Integration In each of two areas Task Social

Task - The degree to which group members work together to achieve common goals and objectives

Social - The interpersonal attractions among group members